Iraq

Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.
Iraq borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf.
The capital city, Baghdad is in the center-east of the country.

Provinces

Iraq is divided into 18 provinces, which are further divided into districts:
Baghdad
Salah Al Din
Diyala
Wasit
Maysan
Al Basra
Karbala
Najaf
Al Muthanna
Al Anbar
Babel
Al Quadisiyah
Dhiqar
Ninawa
Dohuc
Arbil
Kirkuk
Souleimaniyah

Demographics

Population: 31,234,000
Age structure:
0-14 years: 37.6%
15-64 years: 59.3%
65 years and over: 3%
Median age
total: 21.3 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 21.4 years
Population growth rate: 2.29%
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

Religion

Muslim Propotions
Islam 97%
(Shi'a 53%, Sunni 44%)

Christianity, Mandaeism and other
3%.

Languages

Arabic is the official language of Iraq, and is spoken or understood by almost all the population.
Kurdish is the largest minority language, and has regional language status in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.2%
male: 86%
female: 70.6%

Politics

The politics of Iraq takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. It is a multi-party system whereby the executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers as the head of government as well as the President of Iraq, and legislative power is vested in the Council of Representatives and the Federation Council.

The current Prime Minister of Iraq is Nouri al-Maliki, who holds most of the executive authority and appoints the Council of Ministers, which acts as a cabinet and/or government.