|Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.
Iraq borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf.
The capital city, Baghdad is in the center-east of the country.
|Iraq is divided into 18 provinces, which are further divided into districts:
Salah Al Din
0-14 years: 37.6%
15-64 years: 59.3%
65 years and over: 3%
total: 21.3 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 21.4 years
Population growth rate: 2.29%
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
(Shi'a 53%, Sunni 44%)
Christianity, Mandaeism and other
|Arabic is the official language of Iraq, and is spoken or understood by almost all the population.
Kurdish is the largest minority language, and has regional language status in Iraqi Kurdistan.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.2%
|The politics of Iraq takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. It is a multi-party system whereby the executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers as the head of government as well as the President of Iraq, and legislative power is vested in the Council of Representatives and the Federation Council.
The current Prime Minister of Iraq is Nouri al-Maliki, who holds most of the executive authority and appoints the Council of Ministers, which acts as a cabinet and/or government.